All You should Know About Water

Jed Norwood provided this information on water storage and preparing containers to hold water and agreed to let me post it.


-Water is the universal solvent
-It is heavy at 8# per gallon
-If you don’t have it you will have to leave that area and food to find it.

In the 1960’s the Israeli Military tested how much water was needed each day to keep their troops in top condition.  They found that 15 gallons per person per day.  This includes all uses.  During the heat of summer they found a person will need for drinking alone 5 gallons.

In our climate, an individual needs to reserve a gallon a day just for drinking. With all other uses such as cooking, flushing, and hygiene, a person would need about 5 gallons a day. This would mean that a family of five would need 75 per day to maintain a comfortable standard of living.

In the Utah region a 1000 square foot roof will receive 30 to 40 tons of water in an average year.  Rain and snow are the softest water you can find and the easiest to treat. This equates to 7,500 to 10,000 gallons. Capturing this water source is crucial.

Have a supply of water filter socks that will filter down to 1 micron.

After socking the water to catch the large debris then run it through a ceramic filter.

With this type of a set up you can filter 30,000 to 40,000 gallons of rain water.  Or 10,000 gallons of pond , river or lake water.

Store all water filtering socks and filters in ziplock mylar bags.

After filtering the water treat it with a biocide. Here are some types of biocides you can use.

Hydrogen Peroxide
Vitamin C
Activated Charcoal

Here is the complete procedure for water management.

Procure the water

Filter the water with sock

Filter water with ceramic filter or a towel filter

Chlorinate water

1 of the following


Hydrogen peroxide

Vitamin C

Activated Charcoal

Treating the water storage containers

Here are the cleaning instructions. with the barrel up right fill the barrel and let it sit for 24 hours.  Then empty and place it up right again. Fill the barrel again and let the hose run for 15 minutes. Once it starts over flowing check for debris. If it is clear then pour 1/2 cup of chlorine into the water and cap the barrel. Let it sit out in the sun for two weeks. After this dump it out and fill with treated water.  Store barrel on blocks of wood, or carpet or both to keep barrel from touching the ground or concrete directly.

*To obtain the diagrams for making your own towel filter, instructions on making low cost activated charcoal, or obtaining (through a group purchase) filter socks, ceramic containers, or ziplock mylar bags, email Jed Norwood at

Comments are closed.